Posts tagged: long term storage food

3 Useful Food Preservation Techniques For Long Term Storage

3 Food Preservation Techniques For Long Term Storage

When it comes to storing food for a longer period of time, you must be aware of the best preservation methods, which will ensure you do not die of hunger and with a pantry full of spoiled food.

Overview

Let’s face it: none of us disposes of the money needed to buy large amounts of already preserved food. That is why we all need to obtain not only edible but delicious food as well, by preserving fresh aliments.

From my point of view, if you have a basement or a closet in your house, you need to transform it into a storage filled with preserved foods and beverages. There are many scenarios in which this area of your house will become your shelter during a crisis, and what better way to survive it than to enjoy morale-boosting food.

Recent scientific studies have revealed that certain methods of preservation can maintain some foods and ingredients safe to eat even after 25 years of storage. Food usually spoils due to bacterial infections that alter its chemical composition. The techniques that I am about to share with you will guarantee that this process will not ruin your stored goods.

1. Canning

boiling This procedure is also called “pasteurizing” and it works by heating the food at a specified temperature, for a certain amount of time. The resulted product is then vacuum-sealed in glass jars and stored. The canning method can be used on a variety of foods, which include:

• Fruits
• Vegetables
• Seafood
• Prepared dishes

The products, which are preserved this way, can last for a period between five and eight years. However, with a little trick you can double that time and therefore, reduce your costs considerably. Here’s how to do it:

• Use your regular jam recipe, vegetable stew or desired seafood. Cook according to instructions.

• Once prepared, pour these mixtures into sterilized glass jars and use tight lids to cover them.

• Place the jars into a large pot and put old newspapers in between. This will reduce the risk of glass breaking during boiling.

• Pour enough tap water to cover three-quarters of the jars’ height;

• Place the pot over medium heat and after the water starts boiling, let it simmer for ten minutes;

• Remove the pot from the heat and the jars from the pot;

• Let the jars cool down before storing them in a dark and moisture-free room.

With this method, you will be able to preserve food for periods longer than 10 years. Just imagine a crisis that long and still you would be able to enjoy canned foods rich in vitamins and vital nutrients.

2. Drying

This is one of the oldest methods used by humankind to preserve food over long periods of time. It implies taking all the moisture out of the food, and therefore, eliminating any micro bacterial process that might take place. This technique works great with fruit, vegetables, grains, meat, and nuts. You can do this by using a conventional oven or a modern electrical dehydrator.

However, to store food in a smart way also asks for economic measures that will help you save money. For a well-stocked pantry, you will need a considerable amount of food. Therefore, you will be using your oven or your electric dehydrator extensively, and this will double or even triple your gas / electrical bills. Trust me, it’s not worth it!

Here is one simple and cheap technique that will do wonders for you, especially if you live in an area where the climate is at least moderately warm: sun drying.

You can create your own sun-dried tomatoes or fruits in less than one week. You must consider three factors:

• Natural temperature
• Humidity
• Circulation of the air

Simply put, the higher the temperature, the lower the humidity and the stronger the wind will be, the faster your food will dehydrate in natural conditions. You will need the following equipment:

• Two concrete blocks
• Two stainless steel or Teflon-coated racks

drying The dimensions of the racks can be chosen depending on the amount of space that you have and the quantity of food that you wish to dry. It is crucial that they are made from the indicated materials, as other metals could have a negative chemical impact on your food.

• Choose a convenient place where to set up your drying system, such as the roof of your house or your backyard.

• Place a rack evenly balanced on the concrete blocks and start dispersing the chosen ingredient (fruits, vegetables, meat) on it.

• Cover with the second rack to keep birds and insects away, especially for the first few days of the drying process.

*Note: If you cannot afford a second rack, use thin gauze to cover the goods.

• To avoid temperature oscillations, take the food inside during the night.

Fruits and vegetables take between 3 and 5 days to become dehydrated. Meat will take between 5-7 days to dry out. Keep in mind that when drying meat, you must first soak the pieces for five minutes into brine composed of water and a 15% salt solution.

3. Pickling

Up until now, we have used pasteurization and heat to preserve our goods. It is time to bring a new preserving agent to the stage: brine. This is a liquid, which usually contains salt, acid ingredients or alcohol, and it can be used with most fruits, vegetables, meats and even eggs. This method will ensure that you can consume tasty foods for a very long time.

For pickling one pound of vegetables, you will need:

• Sterilized glass jars
• 1 Cup of water
• 1/8 cup of sea salt
• ¾ cup of white wine vinegar
• 2 bay leaves
• 1 teaspoon of mustard seeds
• ½ teaspoon of coriander seeds

Pickling Mix all the ingredients into a pot and bring it to a boil. In the meantime, place your vegetables (washed) into the jars. Pour the boiling mixture over the vegetables and seal the jars. Next, use the canning method explained in the beginning to increase the preservation time. Now, all you have to do is to store the jars into a cool and dark room, where the temperature never exceeds 24 degrees Celsius. For larger quantities of vegetables, increase the brine ingredients accordingly.

For pickling one pound of meat, you will need:

• 1 stainless steel bowl
• 1 stainless steel plate
• 4 cups of water, or just enough to cover the meat by 1 inch
• 1 cup of sea salt
• 1 raw egg
• 4 garlic cloves, peeled
• 2 bay leaves
• 1 tablespoon of ground pepper
• 2-3 sprigs of fresh thyme

Pour the water into the bowl and dissolve the salt into it. To make sure that you have added enough salt, place the egg inside, and if it floats you have the right composition. Add the rest of the ingredients and mix well. Place the meat inside the brine and put the plate on top of it, to make sure the meat is completely submerged, as it should stay for the whole pickling process. Next, place the bowl into a cold environment, such as the freezer or the cellar. Keep the meat in the brine for a period of 10-14 days, turning it once every three days. Afterwards, the meat will be ready to cook on the grill or in the oven and the product will be edible for many months to follow.

These are just a few of the simple techniques that will help you preserve food for a very long time at a relatively small cost. You can use these methods ensure your family with a reliable resource of nutritious food.

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3 Food Preservation Techniques For Long Term Storage
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In Food Storage, Attention To The Details May Literally Save Your Life

In Food Storage, Attention To The Details May Literally Save Your Life

Long term food storage requires great attention to details in order to ensure that your food will have its true intended shelf life, and that it will taste good while being nutritionally satisfying when you do eat it. Don’t always believe the marketing when you see “25 year shelf life,” make sure you actually understand what is in your food and what it takes to make it shelf stable for a long term period.

Start With The Individual Ingredients

Food storage meals are only as good as the ingredients that are in them. With ready-made meals, this can be even more integral, because all the food inside is only as good as its weakest link. Read through your labels, do you see things like hydrogenated oil, do you see soy or soybean oil? How about things like Monosodium glutamate? May of those ingredients, especially the oils, only have a shelf life for 1-2 years. That tells us the food simply cannot be good for 25 years no matter what the slogan is. Make sure when you are looking for food storage realize that many companies are not offering the product they are marketing. Read your labels to make sure you avoid the problem early!

We all know that freeze dried or dehydrated food increases its shelf life, but did you know that it actually comes down to the percentage of water content in your food? The FDA requires content of at least 7%, but to ensure that your food won’t need extra preservatives or oils to make it last look for food under 5%. Most companies will skip this step but again ask questions and read labels.

By staying as natural as possible in a process, food will stay just as fresh and stable as food that has been preserved and processed! This means that a single serving meal will actually meet all the caloric, vitamin, and mineral requirements that you need in order to stay healthy in case of an emergency.

Finishing Touches

Of course, the combination of ingredients and their sourcing is only the start of the process. How our food is packaged makes sure that the quality remains intact. One of the most important elements is how companies remove oxygen from the packaging. Look for companies that go the extra step with nitrogen flushing instead of the oxygen removing packets. This will again ensure that the food you have will be there for you when you need it.

As goods are parceled out into rations, make sure to use industrial grade Mylar bags which are vacuum sealed and approved to have the highest resistance to permeability. Before these bags are sealed, use a final nitrogen flush, to make sure that any hidden moisture is removed, and that the nutrients are sealed in to your food. By taking all of these steps, you will know that your family will have a great food source for years to come!

About the Author: James Tolboe is an owner at Valleyfoodstorage.com and has a passion in helping others prepare for everything life might throw at them. Visit the site today for any questions and to see if they have products to help you be ready.