Posts tagged: how to survive

How To Preserve Body Heat In The Wild

How To Preserve Body Heat In The Wild

In a survival situation, you have to take advantage of every opportunity nature provides. Suppose a crisis scenery catches you in the winter, in a climate similar to Wyoming. You know that the closest town is two days away and you need to spend the night in one of the harshest wintery colds on the planet. As in any critical situations, there are multiple solutions, but you need to keep an eye out for them. Every single stirring of the trees or change in the wind might be an opportunity.

Seek A Place Naturally Sheltered From Wind

Wind chill factor can rob you of heat and dramatically shorten the amount of time for frostbite to kick in. You want to be as far out of the wind as possible. Seek a leeward slope, a rock outcrop, a broad-based tree, an area behind trees or bushes that can act as a natural windbreak. If you have a shovel, you can dig into a leeward slope and make it still more sheltered. If there are tree branches, you can make a makeshift shelter. Once you have enough branches and twigs making a roof, you can pile leaves and dirt on top and this will not only keep the wind out but trap some of the air warmed from your breath and body heat. Plus, the work will keep you warm.

Light A Fire

body heat

It’s no mystery to anyone that fire is the best way to keep warm, and not only that, but it allows you to purify water and other objects, keep wild animals at bay, and cauterize wounds, so a soda can stove might be your best friend. Collecting the wood and chopping it will also generate body heat.

Here’s a tutorial on 23 Ways To Make Fire.

Get Dry

To survive the cold you need to keep your body dry and warm, in that order. Once your body is wet, regardless of the temperature, you lose body heat 20 times as fast. If you are cold and wet, your priority is to get dry, not warm. Dry and cold is better than wet and warm. Remove wet clothing and put on dry clothing underneath, as many layers as you have, then something waterproof on top or any kind of shelter if you have it.

If you have no dry clothes one of the best things to do is stay physically active. Building your shelter, working vigorously, will help.

One strange way to get dry in the middle of the frozen wastes without anything to wipe is to roll around in the snow. The thought might frighten you, but snow absorbs water very fast. Even if you catch a cold, you will survive in the long run.

Snow Caves

Although it might seem counterintuitive, digging a cave under a snowy hill can prove to be a great shelter. It will take about an hour to dig it, but after you crawl inside, you will have enough warmth to survive the night. It won’t be warm, but it will be bearable. The closed walls will keep you away from blizzard and – importantly – from wind chill factor. Even if it’s too cold to fall asleep, your extremities won’t be freezing. Depending on the type of hill and the thickness of the snow, it may be possible to light up a fire inside, but it is safer to resist the temptation. You never know what’s a few inches away in the ceiling direction, and you wouldn’t want to risk a meltdown on top of you.

Wind Chill Chart

Animal Furs

Wilderness is home to many animals, and we seldom see them because they keep away from humans. However, you can hunt animals and you may (if you pay attention) even may be able to find animal carcasses – preyed by the higher ranked in the food chain. Even if the meat is rotten and you cannot eat it, don’t think you can’t make use of the animal’s fur. The fur on deer or bear is really thick, and in harsh weather, it can prove to be waterproof. It sounds horrible but if it is truly life or death, you should do it.

animal carcase

Using a knife, start skinning the animal with an incision in the center of the gut area. Make sure to pierce just enough to be able to cut the skin away, but not too deep because you will spill its bowels out. Regarding the bad odor, you need to keep telling yourself that your priority is survival, not comfort. You want to keep the fur as clean and dry as you can. It is preferable to use as small a knife as possible. Once you get it a bit going, you will notice that skin separates from the main carcass. Now you have to get your hand in, with the fist down, and then start rolling and push it off to come quicker. After you remove the fur you can use it as shelter, and it can make the difference between life and death at extreme temperatures. Regardless of the comfort civilization has got us used to, remember that the finest clothes are actually made of animal fur.

Should you find yourself in the situation of crossing a body of water in freezing cold in the extreme North, keep in mind the following tip: seal hides provide great protection against freezing water. If the animal can survive swimming in it, so can you. If you can find a dead seal to skin it you are in great luck. It will not keep you warm, but you will not freeze to death.

Urine

In a true life-or-death situation, every scrap of heat counts. You are going to have to pee bagat some point: Your own urine and a plastic bottle or a zip-lock plastic bag could save your life. You can preserve body heat by bottling your own urine and keeping the bottle close to your chest. If you have a cover, may it be a blanket or an animal carcass, it will make a huge difference. If your fingers are numb from the cold, use the bag or the bottle to create a quick-warmer with your own urine. It may not last long, but it will save your extremities from being completely frozen, and it might just be enough to spur you on to the next milestone.

Share Body Heat

Have you ever seen how chickens cosy up together when put into their hut at night? They understand this principle. They all just snuggle up and it keeps them warm and toasty. If you are stranded in the freezing cold with another person, it is vital that you sleep cuddling each other.

If you are stranded with your significant other, the best way just so happens to be sexual intercourse. In extreme situations, social norms need to be put below survival.

If Your Car Breaks Down…

… and you are in a freezing cold place, with no cell phone service – you are going to have to make a decision as to whether to stay in the car or hike to safety. This can be a difficult judgment call. There are stories of people a few minutes out of town who decided to walk and due to extreme cold, froze to death on the way. If you are in wintery climates, be prepared. Stashing extra dry clothes and a bundle of blankets in the car is always a good idea.

How To Survive Any Disaster Part 2: How To Survive An Earthquake

Italy Earthquakephoto: ehiac.com

I tried to picture how I’d react if my house was just about to crash over me and my family.Just like most people, I’d probably freak out and do exactly what I shouldn’t: run down the stairs to get the kids and then go straight out the door and stop in front of the house, where approximately 100 things can fall on me, starting with the house walls and ending with the tree in my yard.

So what’s a man to do when he realizes he’s not actually as prepared for a disaster as Bruce Willis? Well, I don’t know what you’d do… but I started researching earthquake survival like there was no tomorrow. Here’s a brief of what I found:

What you should do before an earthquake:

– Get informed!Read more articles, books or courses on earthquake survival. And watch some documentaries about the biggest earthquakes in history. You’ll notice a whole lot of deadly mistakes you can avoid.

Tell your family all about earthquake survival. Of course, you’ll do everything to protect them if a disaster hits your area, but you’re not a superhero. There are times when you can’t reach your family to provide help. So help them help themselves. It’s the best thing you can do for your loved ones.

Bullet-proof your home. According to The College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, here’s what you need to do to get a secure home, that won’t crash on you at the first shake.

• Bolt bookshelves, water heaters, and cabinets to wall studs.

• Anchor things so they don’t move or fall during an earthquake.

• Move cabinets and tall furniture to keep them from falling on you or other family members. Anchor them to studs in the wall with steel angle brackets.

• Put heavy or breakable things on bottom shelves. You can even put “fences” or restraining wires to keep items from falling off open shelves.

• Put child-proof or swing-hook latches on bathroom and kitchen cabinets.

• Use screw-eyes or tongue-in-groove hangers to mount mirrors or pictures instead of hanging them on nails.

• Be sure that ceiling fans and light fixtures are well anchored or have earthquake safety wiring.

• Anchor computers, televisions, stereos and like items with heavy duty Velcro, at home and at work.

• Strap your water heater to anchor it to wall studs. In California, water heaters being securely strapped is a building code requirement.

• Do not assume that anything is too heavy to move in an earthquake. When the ground is going up and down in waves, it bounces even the heaviest equipment into the air.

Enough survival techniques for today, hope you’ll start using them to protect your family against disasters. I’ll be back with more earthquake survival strategies next time, so make sure you don’t miss it! Might save your life one day.

How To Survive Any Disaster Part 2: How To Survive A Flood

How To Survive Any Disaster Part 2 - How To Survive A Flood

As promised, today we’re going to cover flood survival. This is the most frequent disaster in the US, so knowing the right techniques to anticipate and survive a flood is absolutely mandatory.

Now you may be thinking: “It’s the most frequent disaster in the US, surely I know how to protect myself from a flood!”, but I’ll let the facts speak for themselves: every single year, floods kill more than 100 people and cause more than $4 BILLION in damages (according to the Red Cross).

If people were really prepared the right way for this common natural disaster… do you think there would be so many losses (lives and valuables)? The problem is people live under the impression they know what to do in case of a flood. After all, the country is filled with those ludicrous leaflets that show you what you need to do when you hear the flood warning. My personal favorite: leaflets that look like a comic strip, to make it more “appealing”.

Let’s be serious, that’s all BS. The same outdated info on a tiny piece of paper. That’s not gonna save your family when a flood hits your town… So let’s get to “the real deal” and list some techniques you can actually use:

#1: Estimate Damages

According to Abhishek Agarwal, the survival expert,this is the first step you should take in planning your survival.

It shouldn’t take you more than an hour, so you can do it today, if you’ve got the time. Just imagine the worst case scenario: a major flood hit your town. Your house is under continuous attack by raging waters. What are its soft spots? List the places where water is likely to infiltrate inside. Write down what could happen when water gets into you house (you could get electrocuted, your floor might get swollen, you could lose your electronic devices, you may have pets trapped inside the house etc.).

Then think about the outside of your house. What happens if the tree in your backyard falls on your roof? What becomes of your garden if it gets soaked in water for a couple of weeks? Brainstorming with your family is the best way to cover as many things as possible.

Then, it’s time for financial assessment. Write down how much you’d have to pay if the worst case scenario actually came true. Then calculate how much it would cost you to prevent each problem. If it’s cheaper to prevent them, then start investing, little by little. Take your time and cover everything one by one.

#2: Be annoyingly curious

This means you should always keep a close watch on flood information, whether it’s on the Internet or your local planning agency. Actually, it’s best if you do your research both ways: search the net for the flood “calendar”, listen to the radio as often as you can and be the first to hear the flood warning… and go annoy the hell out of your local planning agency workers. Ask them as many questions as possible. You may not be their favorite guy there, buy, hey, better safe than sorry.

#3: Involve your community

A collective effort is generally more successful than an individual one. To make a stronger survival plan, you’ve got two options:

– If your community has an official survival plan in case of floods, make sure your strategies are aligned with it. Swimming against the stream is not exactly the best decision in this case, so ask your local agency all about the survival plan and take it into consideration when you start planning yours.

– If your community doesn’t have a survival plan in case of floods, make one yourself and share it with as many people as possible. When a flood is about to hit your town, they’ll come to you for help and you can work together to fight the disaster. Remember never to underestimate the power of a community!

#4: Always keep a 72-hour bug-out bag at hand

At the first sign of warning, your can jump into your car and take your kids out of town until it’s over.

ATTENTION: You should never leave your house when the flood has already started or is about to start! You should only flee your home a day before due date.

#5: Protect important documents

This is a crucial measure, as documents are pretty hard to replace (and quite expensive, too). Make sure your documents are locked in a waterproof container, somewhere at hand. During the disaster, keep them as close to you as possible, even if you leave town to your safe haven.

However, if another person (may it be family, neighbor or complete stranger) is in danger and needs your total attention, forget about the documents. After all, they’re just fancy pieces of paper, right?

Next on “How to survive any disaster”: earthquakes. Stay safe!