Posts tagged: electromagnetic pulse

Artificial Intelligence Take-over: Truth Or Myth?

Artificial Intelligence Take-over: Truth Or Myth?

Though the idea of an Artificial Intelligence world domination may have a cartoonish status in our survivalist community, unfortunately, the concept is closer to the truth than you might think. I don’t need to point out the obvious: the signs are all around us, from the self-driving car developed by Google to 3d-printed bionic limbs and organs, and if Nobel-prize winner theoretician and physicist Stephen Hawking himself fears an impending machine attack, then the red button has been pressed as far as I am concerned.

If Stephen Hawking, the multi-awarded scientist considered the smartest physicist on the planet thinks seriously about this, so do I, and so should you. Unlike the case of a war or a hurricane, the problem with a war of the machines is that it can happen overnight in just one instant, thwarting any chance of preparing whatsoever.

What Exactly Is An AI-attack?

The Terminator, the Lawnmower Man, and many other flicks, books, and cultural elements have long since proposed the idea of a world taken over by AI. If you look at sci-fi movies you can notice that ever since the 60s, the ideas imagined back then have more or less came true. This means that the human mind can anticipate how to the world will evolve 50 to 100 years time in the future.

In a recent interview, Stephen Hawking talked about the new technology used to power his device that helps him communicate. The technology uses his previously used words in order to predict what he will say next, not unlike the similar technology on smartphones. It’s this very technology that Mr. Hawking is concerned about, as it may very well surpass human intelligence.

“Once humans develop artificial intelligence, it would take off on its own and re-design itself at an ever-increasing rate,” he told the BBC.

“The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.”

The idea is not new, as the British scientist and grandfather of modern computers Alan Turing was wondering in the 1950s: “Can machines think”, however, the concern is.

Artificial Intelligence

Much like in the sci-fi movies, the artificial intelligence becomes so intelligent that it ultimately develops a conscience of its own. The concerns are all the more real as we ask ourselves: what exactly determines conscience? And the scientific answers are so downright simple, it is truly alarming: a sum of electrical impulses in our brains.

This idea of tech singularity (one super intelligent machine over-mind) was theorized by none other than Ray Solomonoff in 1967:

“Although there is no prospect of very intelligent machines in the near future, the dangers posed are very serious and the problems very difficult. It would be well if a large number of intelligent humans devote a lot of thought to these problems before they arise.

It is my feeling that the realization of artificial intelligence will be a sudden occurrence. At a certain point in the development of the research we will have had no practical experience with machine intelligence of any serious level: a month or so later, we will have a very intelligent machine and all the problems and dangers associated with our inexperience.”

Artificial Intelligence But probably the most alarming factor of concern in this direction is that IT evolution is growing at an ever-accelerating pace. From the internet to phones and computers, the new generation machines already take several months to be developed. If everything grows at an exponential rate, it isn’t difficult to imagine where will it all go in a decade: a world ruled by computers; and are there so many paces left to the state where machines develop conscience?

Machines Already Took Over

The way for a possible conquest of the machines has already been paved, as society is welcoming them more and more into our lives. More and more functions are being done by machines instead of humans, from simple ticket vending machines to transport systems, air traffic control, and nuclear warfare. It’s a known fact that the stock market downfall in 1987 was caused by computer transactions. Imagine what would happen to the world economy if the internet would simply cease to exist tomorrow. All the financial crisis in history combined wouldn’t match the real consequences of such a financial disaster. The brutal truth is that we already live in a world controlled by machines one way or another, except they are not sentient. Think about what would happen if they become so!

Spell checker software exists on every computer in every home, and it is a very basic program, yet it is able to speak our language better than us. Language invented by humans, perfected by your computer.

However, this nightmare scenario, though it can occur anytime without warning, is not necessary for a small scale machine apocalypse to happen. Imagine a world completely sustained by non-sentient machines. What happens should a major bug occur? Transport systems blocked, security door blocked – people trapped inside buildings, elevators, trains, and most importantly, credit system collapse. Without money we cannot pay for food and paper money becomes more and more obsolete. In such a scenario, chaos ensues, and we must be prepared. But how?

What Are The Solutions?

terminator Until the few scientists concerned with this issue get the governments mobilized (if they do, that is), you need to be prepared. Rely on machines as little as possible.

If machines develop conscience overnight, a zombie apocalypse scenario would seem like a child’s play. Machines are metal and circuit giants which cannot be stopped by bullets, no matter how well prepared you are. The best solution is to make your own EMP generating device.

What Is EMP?

EMP stands for electromagnetic pulse, and it’s basically a burst shot of electromagnetic energy. This energy has the ability to partially or completely damage or temporarily disrupt the functions of electronic equipment of any type. Given the right proportions, an electromagnetic pulse can disrupt any device with electric circuits, from a cell phone to an atomic bomb.

How To Make Your Own EMP Generator

If you are familiar with EMP guns, you are probably thinking of big generators and atomic bombs. But the principle applies at any scale. You don’t need to build a complex circuit to be able to have an EMP gun for close quarters use. Actually, the circuit is already built and you can find it for less than $5 at any store: a disposable camera.

camera

You will also need:

• an insulated copper wire (the thicker, the more powerful the pulse)
• a metal rod (preferably iron for better efficiency)

metal rod copper wire

Instructions:

Wrap the wire TIGHTLY around the rod. The wire should be sticking out on both ends after you are done.

Take the battery out of the camera

Take out the taser from the camera and solder the capacitor to the ends of the wire. Make sure it is shorted.

To test the device, do so with a pocket calculator. Take it somewhere far from any other electronic device, preferably outside in the backyard. Leave any electronic object out of your pockets; remove your wristwatch if you have one. pocket calculatorThe EMP gun you just built should have a several feet range. Put the battery in and push the switch while holding it close to the calculator. It should render it unusable right away.

Always Keep Prepared!

Keep your appliances sharp, but your wits sharper! Just because society evolves in a direction that tends to remove the humanity in its individuals bit by bit, doesn’t mean that individuals will turn into machines, or worse, be ruled by them. Stay prepared!

How To Reduce Your Risk From An Electro-Magnetic Pulse (EMP)

How To Reduce Your Risk From An EMPimage – wikipedia lic. under CC-BY-2.0

Astronomers everywhere have been warning about the rise in solar flares. Even NASA has issued warnings for this, concerned that they could cause major disruptions on a worldwide basis. Part of the problem is that we’re really not sure what kinds of effects the solar flares are going to cause or how serious those effects will be.

It’s a known fact that all solar flares emit radiation. Often, this is broadband radiation, which hits our atmosphere and causes problems with radio reception. Back in the 1970s, this was severe enough to put an end to the CB radio craze, essentially eliminating all but the shortest-range communications on the frequencies that CB radios use. In addition, it affected commercial radio and television transmissions, sometimes severe enough to block out reception in outlying areas.

The biggest risk that scientists are concerned about is that of electromagnetic pulse (EMP). This is the same sort of radiation that occurs when a nuclear bomb is exploded above the atmosphere. Since the lack of an atmosphere prevents the energy from going out as a physical shock wave, it goes out as electromagnetic energy. Since the sun (or any star) is essentially the same as a sustained nuclear explosion or hydrogen bomb, it produces large quantities of electromagnetic energy as well, especially during times of solar flares.

The Problem of an EMP Hit

If a massive EMP pulse from the sun hits the earth, the results could be disastrous. Other than military electronics, very few pieces of electronic equipment are designed with the necessary protection to prevent EMP damage. So, there’s a strong possibility that a large portion of the commercial and consumer electronics that we depend on for our day-to-day lives would be out of commission.

That may not sound all that serious, but you have to realize that the entire infrastructure that we depend upon is controlled by electronics, specifically computers. A severe EMP hit could knock all of that out of commission. Were that to happen, our lifestyle would be set back 100 years or more.

The greatest risk that we face from an EMP hit is the loss of the electrical grid. This is already the most sensitive portion of our infrastructure, with much of it being outdated and in need of repair. Because of that, it’s highly susceptible to EMP.

Imagine living in a world without running water, city sewer service, all of the home electronics that we all depend upon, stores, gas pumps, heating and air conditioning, refrigeration and much more. That’s the world we are likely to find when and if this electromagnetic pulse hits.

An EMP attack is probably one of the worst disaster situations possible to prepare for, simply because of how much we depend upon will disappear in a moment. All of the preparations that preppers typically do will be needed. People will have to do everything for themselves, from filtering their own water to growing their own food. Until the electrical grid can be rebuilt, everyone will have to be independent to survive.

Protecting Yourself from EMP

The common way of protecting yourself from the results of EMP is to use a Faraday cage. This is based upon two things: the fact that metals are great conductors of electricity and that electromagnetic waves are attracted to metal. When they encounter it, they are stopped by that metal. Even a piece of metal as thin as aluminum foil is enough to block electromagnetic energy.

Placing electronics in a Faraday cage is an almost foolproof way of protecting them from the devastation of EMP. However, the Faraday cage must be constructed properly. First of all, the cage must totally surround the electronic device. If there are any gaps, then it may be possible for the electromagnetic radiation to enter. Secondly, the electronic devices inside must be fully insulated from any physical or electrical contact with the faraday cage itself. This is accomplished by insulating the cage with a non-conductive material.

If you wanted to make your own Faraday cage, it would be extremely easy. All you need is an enclosed metal container, such as a portable metal file box or a metal trash can. You can line the container with any of a number of materials, but one that works extremely well is sheets of Styrofoam. You can buy this in any building materials center, as home insulation. Merely cut up the sheets and glue the pieces in place.

That will take care of small electronics, but it won’t help you much with large electronics or electronic devices that you use regularly. You can protect those to some extent by a combination of using surge protectors and grounding them.

Our electrical grid is going to act like a huge antenna for that electromagnetic radiation, capturing it. That will cause a huge electrical spike. In fact, that spike is probably what will ruin most home electronics, rather than the EMP itself. If you put surge protectors on everything, you can stop most of that. The surge protectors themselves may not survive, but they will protect the equipment connected to them.

The earth itself is the best electrical ground there is. Your home electrical grid is probably grounded to earth. Electrical code requires that the circuit breaker box by grounded. This is usually accomplished through a copper-plated rod, installed through the foundation, right below the electrical box (it’s usually hidden in the wall). However, that may not be enough protection. If you have a room with a lot of electronics in it, such as a home office, adding an additional ground would be advisable.

Not all of our home electronics is connected to electrical power. All modern cars have more computer power in them than the old time mainframes. Yet, almost by definition, the rubber tires on a car insulate it from the ground. That can be dangerous for the electronics.

Driving a ground rod into the ground next to where you park your car provides you with a simple way of grounding your car at home. Simply use a jumper cable, connecting it to any accessible part of the frame (bumper supports are accessible and might work) to the ground rod. Then, if an EMP strikes, it will be grounded, protecting the vehicle’s electronics.

By Rich M