Subscribe Now!
Recent Comments

Survival Medicine 101 Part 4: CPR

 

Last time I promised you I`d show you how to perform CPR correctly, in case you`ll ever need to bring someone back to life (or keep someone alive). I honestly hope you`ll never have to do this, but it`s good to know these things… just in case.

 

Now, I clearly remember taking a CPR course in high school, but I wanted to check all the steps again… and what I found was a bit more complex than what I learned. But it`s not that difficult, so don`t freak out thinking I`m going to get you through med school in just a few minutes, ok?

 

There will be videos, too, taken right from the University of Washington website, so you`ll see exactly how to perform every step of the way.

 

CPR for Adults

 

Step #1: CALL

Check the victim for unresponsiveness (shake or shout at the victim). If the person is not responsive and not breathing or not breathing normally. Call 911 and return to the victim. In most locations the emergency dispatcher can assist you with CPR instructions.

 

Don`t forget to keep calm. Do as told and tell the dispatcher about any change in the victim`s state.

 

Step #2: PUMP

If the victim is still not responding normally to stimuli or if he still can`t breathe right, begin chest compressions.  Push down in the center of the chest 2 inches 30 times. Pump hard and fast at the rate of at least 100/minute, faster than once per second.

 

Step #3: BLOW

Tilt the head back and lift the chin. Pinch nose and cover the mouth with yours and blow until you see the chest rise. Give 2 breaths.  Each breath should take 1 second.

 

CONTINUE WITH 30 PUMPS AND 2 BREATHS UNTIL HELP ARRIVES

NOTE: This ratio is the same for one-person & two-person CPR.  In two-person CPR the person pumping the chest stops while the other gives mouth-to-mouth breathing.

 

And here`s the video:

 

Now lets` move on to…

 

CPR for Children

 

It`s similar to CPR for adults. If you are alone with the victim, give 2 minutes of CPR and then call 911.

 

Step #1: PUMP

Use the heel of one or two hands for chest compression. Press the sternum about one-third the depth of the chest (about 2 inches) at the rate of least 100/minute.

 

Step #2: BLOW

Tilt the head back and listen for breathing.  If not breathing normally, pinch nose and cover the mouth with yours and blow until you see the chest rise. Give 2 breaths.  Each breath should take 1 second.

 

CONTINUE WITH 30 PUMPS AND 2 BREATHS UNTIL HELP ARRIVES

 

And the video:

 

Now here`s a more difficult type of CPR:

 

CPR for Infants

 

You`ve got to be extremely careful not to break any bones or harm the baby in any way. If you are alone with the baby, perform 2 minutes of CPR and then call 911.

 

Step #1: Shout and Tap

Shout and gently tap the child on the shoulder. If there is no response and not breathing or not breathing normally, position the infant on his or her back and begin CPR.                      

 

Step #2: Give 30 Compressions

Give 30 gentle chest compressions at the rate of at least 100 per minute. Use two or three fingers in the center of the chest just below the nipples. Press down approximately one-third the depth of the chest (about 1 and a half inches).          

 

Step #3: Open The Airway

Open the airway using a head tilt lifting of chin. Do not tilt the head too far back.

 

Step #4: Give 2 Gentle Breaths

If the baby is not breathing or not breathing normally, cover the baby’s mouth and nose with your mouth and give 2 gentle breaths. Each breath should be 1 second long. You should see the baby’s chest rise with each breath.                                       

                                               

You can see exactly how it`s done here:

 

And there`s one more type of CPR:

 

CPR for Cats & Dogs

 

That`s right. If you`ve got pets and they`re fighting to stay alive, then you should know how you can help them. Here`s what you should do:

 

Step #1: Remove any obstruction             

Open animals mouth and make sure the air passage is clear. If not remove the object obstructing the air passage.            

                       

Step #2: Extend the head and give several artificial respirations:        

                       

  • A. For large dogs: close the animal’s jaw tightly and breathe into the nose. The animal’s chest should rise. Give 2 breaths.
  • B. For small dogs and cats you may be able to cover the nose and mouth with your mouth as you breathe. The animal’s chest should rise. Give 2 breaths.

 

Step #3: PUMP

 

  • A. For large dogs you may be able to position the dogs on its back and compress the chest just like for humans.                                             
  • B. For small dogs and cats as well as large dogs with funnel chests, you may need to lie the animal on its side and compress the side of the rib cage. Alternatively you can position the animal on its back and press on both sides of the rib cage.                        
  • C. The rate of chest compressions varies with the size of the animal                              
  • Dogs over 60 lbs: 60 compressions per minut
  • Animals 11 to 60 lbs: 80-100 compressions per minut
  • Animals 10 lbs or less: 120 compressions per minute

 

Step #4: Alternate breaths with compressions

                                   

The ratio of compressions to breaths should be approximately the same as for humans – 30:2 Continue doing this until the animal responds or begins to breathe on its own.

 

There`s no video here, unfortunately. They probably didn`t have a dog-shaped dummy, but it`s great they thought about pets, too.

 

Again, I truly hope you`ll never need this info. But if you ever do, try to replicate the moves you see in the videos.

 

And don`t forget the essentials: CALL 911, PUMP the chest and BLOW air into lungs.

                       

For more articles on survival topics, go to:  www.myfamilysurvivalplan.com.

 

By Alec Deacon

                       

 

 

One Response to Survival Medicine 101 Part 4: CPR

  • The first aid courses is very important for everyone. Through this we can help other people and save their life.CPR traning give the knowledge how to save the life of another and how to help the other people

    Like(0)
    Dislike(0)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

Feedback

Comments or questions are welcome.

* indicates required field